一、前言

我们在日常开发中,必不可少的就是树形结构。有的时候可以使用mybatis的resultMap进行转化,有的时候需要进行Java进行手动转化为树结构。今天和大家分析一个JDK8新特性Stream来实现list到树形结构的转化!

二、创建返回前端的实体类VO

import lombok.Data;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * @author wangzhenjun
 * @date 2022/2/28 10:28
 */
@Data
public class NodeVO {
    private String id;
    private String name;
    private String pid;
    private List<NodeVO> children;

    public NodeVO(String id, String name, String pid) {
        this.id = id;
        this.name = name;
        this.pid = pid;
    }
}

三、list转树形方法

public static List<NodeVO> streamToTree(List<NodeVO> treeList, String parentId) {
    List<NodeVO> list = treeList.stream()
            // 过滤父节点
            .filter(parent -> parent.getPid().equals(parentId))
            // 把父节点children递归赋值成为子节点
            .map(child -> {
                child.setChildren(streamToTree(treeList,child.getId()));
                return child;
            }).collect(Collectors.toList());
    return list;
}

四、测试

public static void main(String[] args) {
	NodeVO NodeVO1 = new NodeVO("1","山东省","0");
	NodeVO NodeVO2 = new NodeVO("2","青岛市","1");
	NodeVO NodeVO3 = new NodeVO("3","市北区","2");
	NodeVO NodeVO4 = new NodeVO("4","济南市","1");
	NodeVO NodeVO5 = new NodeVO("5","浙江省","0");
	NodeVO NodeVO6 = new NodeVO("6","杭州市","5");
	NodeVO NodeVO7 = new NodeVO("7","西湖区","6");
	List<NodeVO> list = new ArrayList<>();
	list.add(NodeVO1);
	list.add(NodeVO2);
	list.add(NodeVO3);
	list.add(NodeVO4);
	list.add(NodeVO5);
	list.add(NodeVO6);
	list.add(NodeVO7);
	// 默认父节点id为0
	List<NodeVO> nodeVOList = streamToTree(list,"0");
	System.out.println(JSON.toJSONString(nodeVOList));
}

结果展示:

[
  {
    "children": [
      {
        "children": [
          {
            "children": [],
            "id": "3",
            "name": "市北区",
            "pid": "2"
          }
        ],
        "id": "2",
        "name": "青岛市",
        "pid": "1"
      },
      {
        "children": [],
        "id": "4",
        "name": "济南市",
        "pid": "1"
      }
    ],
    "id": "1",
    "name": "山东省",
    "pid": "0"
  },
  {
    "children": [
      {
        "children": [
          {
            "children": [],
            "id": "7",
            "name": "西湖区",
            "pid": "6"
          }
        ],
        "id": "6",
        "name": "杭州市",
        "pid": "5"
      }
    ],
    "id": "5",
    "name": "浙江省",
    "pid": "0"
  }
]

五、总结

也可以使用两个for来实现,小编还是觉得Stream比较优雅哈,哈哈哈!!如果对你有用点个赞呗!


推广自己网站时间到了!!!

点击访问!欢迎访问,里面也是有很多好的文章哦!

Q.E.D.